Batik is one way of making fabric. Besides batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of coloring cloth using the night to prevent staining in part of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as a wax-resist dyeing. The second notion is the fabric or clothing made with these techniques, including the use of certain motives which have peculiarities. Batik Indonesia, as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture, UNESCO has been designated as a Cultural Heritage for Humanity Oral and Nonbendawi (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since October 2, 2009.

History of batik technique 

Art staining fabric with stain prevention techniques using night is one of the ancient art form. The discovery in Egypt showed that this technique has been known since the 4th century BC, with the discovery of mummy wrapping cloth which is also coated the night to form a pattern. In Asia, a similar technique of batik is also applied in China during the T'ang Dynasty (618-907) as well as in India and Japan during the Nara period (645-794). In Africa, such as batik technique known by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, and the Soninke and Wolof tribe in Senegal. In Indonesia, batik is believed to have existed since the time of Majapahit, and became very popular late eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all to the early twentieth century and the new batik known after World War I or around the 1920's.
Although the word "batik" is derived from the Javanese, the presence of batik in Java itself is not recorded. G.P. Rouffaer argue that the technique of batik was probably introduced from India or Sri Lanka in the 6th century or the 7th. On the other hand, J.L.A. Brandes (Dutch archaeologist) and F.A. Sutjipto (archaeologist Indonesia) believe that the tradition of batik is a native of the region such as the Toraja, Flores, Halmahera and Papua. It should be noted that these regions are not areas that are influenced by Hinduism but known to have the ancient tradition of batik making.

G.P. Rouffaer gringsing also reported that the pattern has been known since the 12th century in Kediri, East Java. He concluded that this pattern can only be formed by using a canting, so he argues that the canting is found in Java at the time about it. Detailed carvings that resemble the pattern of batik cloth worn by the Prajnaparamita, the Buddhist statues of the goddess of wisdom from East Java, the 13th century. Detailed clothing displaying patterns of plant tendrils and intricate flowers that are similar to traditional Javanese batik pattern that can be found now. This shows that making a complex batik patterns that can only be made with a canting has been known in Java since the 13th century or even earlier.
Legend in Malay literature of the 17th century, Sulalatus Salatin told Admiral Hang Nadim ordered by Sultan Mahmud to sail to India to get 140 pieces of fabric litter with 40 kinds of flower patterns on each page. Unable to fulfill the order, he made himself that the fabrics. But unfortunately shipwrecked on the way home and only able to bring four pieces that make the Emperor disappointed. By some commentators, WHO? litter was interpreted as batik.
In European literature, batik technique was first told in the book History of Java (London, 1817) writings of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. He was the British governor of Java during Napoleon occupied the Netherlands. In 1873 a Dutch merchant Van Rijekevorsel give a piece of batik, which is obtained during a visit to Indonesia to the Ethnic Museum in Rotterdam and in the early 19th century, it began to reach the golden batik. When exhibited at the World Exposition in Paris in 1900, Indonesian batik riveting public and artists.
Since industrialization and globalization, which introduces automation techniques, batik is a new type appeared, known as batik and batik prints, while those produced in traditional batik techniques handwriting using canting and night is called batik. At the same time, immigrants from Indonesia to Malaya Fellowship also carries batik with them.

Culture batik 

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (especially Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik for a living, so in the past, batik work is exclusively women's work until the discovery of "Batik Cap" which allows the entry of men into the field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik masculine lines as can be seen in shades of "Mega Clouds", which in some coastal areas batik work is common for men.
The tradition of batik was originally a hereditary tradition, so that occasionally a recognizable motif batik originated from a particular family. Some batik may indicate the status of a person. Even today, some traditional 'batik motif is only used by the family palace of Yogyakarta and Surakarta.Batik is the ancestral heritage of Indonesia (Java) that until now still exist. Batik is also first introduced to the world by President Suharto, who was then wearing batik at the UN Conference.

Style Batik

Originally batik made on material with white color made of cotton cloth called mori. Today the batik is also made on other materials such as silk, polyester, rayon and other synthetic materials. Batik motif formed by the liquid wax by using a tool called a canting for subtle motifs, or brush to a large motif, so that the liquid wax to seep into the fabric fibers. Fabrics that have been painted with wax and then dyed with the desired color, usually starting from a young colors. Immersion then taken to another motif with color or black older. After some time the coloring process, which has dibatik cloth dipped in chemicals to dissolve the wax.

Type batik 

According to the technique
* Batik cloth is furnished with texture and style batik by hand. Batik making this type takes approximately 2-3 months.
* Batik cap is decorated with fabric textures and patterns created with batik cap (usually made of copper). Batik-making process of this type takes approximately 2-3 days.
* Batik is the process of making batik painting by painting directly on white cloth.
According to the origin of manufactureJavanese Batik
Javanese batik art is a cultural heritage of Indonesia, especially Java-controlled areas of hereditary Javanese. Javanese Batik motifs have different. Differences dikarnakan motif is common motives that have meaning, that is not just an image but it implies that they can from their ancestors, namely religion animism, dynamism, or Hindus and Buddhists. Javanese Batik in many developing regions Solo or commonly known as Solo.

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